kidney stones causes and symptoms

Kidney Stones Causes And Symptoms

Although kidney stones are often quite painful, they can often leave your body without causing any long-term or permanent damage. The scientific name of kidney stones is renal calculi and nephrolithiasis. These are basically the crystals of minerals and salts that can take the shape of stones by getting compact shapes. Some of the general reasons for kidney stones include taking diet supplements, excess body weight, and certain medical conditions. They are often very painful and can cause pain in the renal region of the urinary tract from the kidneys to the bladder. Due to these kidney stones, the person may suffer from severe dehydration. Sometimes they are also caused by dehydration and lack of fluids in the body. Therefore, they concentrate the urine, causing the crystallization of the minerals. 

Overview of kidney stones’ causes and symptoms

It is no secret that kidney stones have become quite a common problem among people and we can recognize them. They cause pain and induce pressure in the abdominal region. However, what most people do is take certain pain. So here it is important to mention that diagnosis is very important. It involves a detailed medical check-up and ultrasound of the renal area. In most cases when the kidney stone is small, drinking plenty of water is the ultimate harmless solution. 

You can also find treatments that reduce your chances of getting kidney stones again. If you have recently gone through the stages of removal of kidney stones and the doctor has told you that there is an increased risk of developing them again. 

So in order to keep your maximum protection, you should know if you are actually having the kidney paints for you are just feeling the abdominal pain due to any other illness. Let’s have a look at the symptoms of kidney stones first. 

Symptoms Of Kidney Stones

Usually, people remain ignorant about the presence of kidney stones because they usually do not show any symptoms. The symptoms are even more negligible when the stones are very small and do not move around. However, they do cause pain when they move within the kidneys or into the ureters. 

Let’s have a look at more common signs and symptoms of kidney stones. 

More common signs of kidney stones

  • A very sharp, spasmodic and severe pain in the abdominal region that continues to irritate. It occurs particularly on the sides and goes to the back. However, the pain resides mainly below the ribs. If any such condition occurs it is the obvious sign that the person is suffering from kidney pain. 
  • The radiation of the pain goes from the lower abdominal region and continues to the groin.
  • The kidney pain often comes in the form of waves and the person experiences up to 4 spasms in one hour. It is important to mention that intensity of the pain also keeps on varying. 
  • The person who has kidney stones often experiences a burning sensation at the time of urination. Sometimes you also go through severe pain while urinating. 

These were some symptoms of kidney stones that the person experiences when he has many small stones or one large stone. However, there can be many other symptoms and signs that indicate the presence of kidney stones in the kidneys.

Other signs and symptoms of kidney stones 

Keep in mind that the symptoms and signs of kidney stones vary from person to person. So the symptoms that we are going to discuss now often come up with various intensities.

  • change in the colour of urine is partially the union met on out to be all right or brown in colour the union of sound people even becomes pinkish. 
  • If the kidney stone is caused by the bacterial infection there are strong chances that the person will also go through fever and chills. The fever will be even more intense if the infection projects and the person has not taken proper medication. 
  • Nausea and vomiting are the obvious and immediate signs of kidney stones that may tend to move out or move within the kidneys or ureter. 
  • The smell of the urine often changes and it becomes more cloudy with a foul smell. 
  • The person who has kidney stones often feels more need to urinate. Moreover, his pattern of urination also changes and he urinates more often than usual. The reason is his powder does not empty out at a time and he feels the need to urinate in small amounts. 

Here it is worth noting that the intensity and location of the pain caused by kidney stones is also variable. Sometimes it may shift to a totally different location and its intensity can also increase or decrease considerably. Basically, when the stone tries to move through the urinary tract and reaches the writer from the kidney the intensity of the pain greatly increases. 

Causes of kidney stones

It is no secret that there is never a single cause of kidney stones. There are several factors that impact their formation. The scientific reason for the formation of kidney stones is that one of the kidneys does not perform its function properly. The substances such as Oxalate, uric acid, and calcium start accumulating in the kidneys in the form of crystals. 

Sometimes poor diet the substances that reduce the formation of crystals in the kidneys are lacking in your body. As a result, the ideal environment is created for the formation of kidney stones. 

The accurate cause can only be understood after you reach out to the doctor and proceed with detailed ultrasound of your kidneys. However, scientific research has shown that there are various major causes that commonly cause kidney stones among patients. 

Let’s have a look at some of the possible risk factors that can cause kidney stones. 

Genetic causes

If you have seen anyone in your family or relatives who has faced the problem of kidney stones there are chances you may develop them if you have got the genetic data. 

Even if you have not got kidney stones yet, there are strong chances of developing them later in your life. 

Diet problem 

foods that contain high proportions of sodium sugar protein or calcium oxalate can give rise to the formation of kidney stones. The reason is that there are crystals in the kidneys that may enlarge in size if the person does not control the amount of calcium and sodium in the diet. 

When this problem combines with other genetic factors, the chances of developing kidney stones significantly increase. 


As we know the lack of proper liquid content causes crystallization of various minerals the same process may occur within the body if the person does not drink enough water each day. It is due to this reason that people who consume a lot of water content, live in dry climates, or sweat a lot are at higher risk of developing kidney stones. 


Although there is no proper scientific evidence available for it, various experiments have shown that high body mass index and large waist size are often related to the formation of kidney stones. 

Digestive problems and surgical factors

Recent research has shown that gastric bypass surgery, as well as chronic diarrhea, are directly related to the formation of kidney stones. The reason is these two problems directly affect the accumulation of calcium in the body and also impact the water level within the body. On one side causes dehydration while on the other side there is also a crystallization of the minerals which definitely results in stone-forming substance accumulation in the kidneys. 

Various supplements and medications

High intake of various supplements including the ones that contain vitamin C and calcium-based antacids also gives rise to the formation of kidney stones. Moreover, the excessive use of laxatives also becomes a risk factor especially when it is combined with other medications that are used for treating migraines or depression. 

Certain medical conditions

According to the latest research, the medical conditions that are related to the thyroid gland and kidneys often give rise to the formation of kidney stones. The most common medical conditions that can cause stones include renal tubular acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, and urinary tract infections that occur repeatedly. This medical problem can also give rise to cystinuria. 

Final Verdict 

From the above discussion, it is evident that the formation of kidney stones does not cause any long-term effects. However, everyone should try to avoid this condition as it is quite painful. For this purpose, everyone should eat a good diet, avoid obesity, avoid surgery, and do not use various supplements and medications excessively. A high intake of water must be ensured. 

By the way, have you ever faced the problem of kidney stones or are you at greater risk of developing them?

Make a quick mind right now and share your experiences with us. 

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