diagnosis and treatment of kidney stones

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Kidney Stones

Have you recently been diagnosed with kidney stones and want to know the treatments? Then you must read this extensive and comprehensive guide on the diagnosis and treatment of kidney stones. Basically, in order to check whether or not you are actually suffering from the problem of kidney stones, it is important to proceed with various diagnostic tests with the help of your doctor. After going through all the procedures and confirming that you are actually suffering from this problem, the doctor suggests various treatments. 

Thus it would be right to say that the diagnosis and treatment of kidney stones is an interconnected part of patient care. 

Let’s know more about the diagnosis and treatment of kidney stones separately. 

Diagnosis of kidney stones

Your doctor will proceed with various tests in order to diagnose the problem. Let’s have a look at some of the diagnostic techniques and procedures. 

Urine testing

It is a 24-hour urine collection test in which the presence of various stone-forming minerals in urine is determined. This test may take more than 48 hours as you have to follow the instructions of the doctor and provide urine collections within 48 hours. 

Blood testing

Another most accurate diagnostic test that can even detect the smallest changes in minerals in your blood includes the blood tests. If too much calcium or uric acid is present in your blood, the physician can directly estimate the health of your kidneys. Sometimes you may suffer from other kidney diseases along with stones. So the blood test serves as a strong diagnostic option for checking a wide range of renal medical conditions. 


Imaging tests involve diagnostic tests that make use of various rays and radioactive technologies such as the use of high speed or dual energy computerized tomography that can detect even the smallest stones. However, this is not a very common technique; the frequently used techniques include abdominal X-rays and ultrasound. 

It would be right to say that ultrasound is the quickest and easiest imaging test that can quickly detect the presence of small or large kidney stones. 

Analysis of passed stones

If your kidney stones are trying to pass through your urinary tract you may be advised to use a strainer that will help you to catch stones. In this way, the scientists and lab analysts will be able to obtain the physical stones from your body that they can use to check out their formation and the presence of particular minerals. This medical condition is important if the person is suffering from recurring problems and kidney stones and is at the risk of forming future kidney stones.

Treatments of kidney stones

Before starting this section it is important to understand that the treatment of small stones with minimal symptoms is quite different from the Lost ones with considerable and more confusing symptoms. 

How to treat small kidney stones

When it comes to creating small kidney stones there are various easy and simple remedies available that you can follow. 

  • The first remedy in this regard is drinking a lot of water because modern research has revealed that small stones with minimal symptoms dilute the urine and thus small stones can easily go out of the urinary tract. drinking at least two litres of water in a day is quite a suitable quantity of water that can definitely prevent stone formation, so drinking enough though it is a common solution will clear urine and stop the formation of more stones as well. 
  • It is a common observation that the person who undergoes the problem of passing small kidney stones often feels much confusion and a variety of discomfort. At this stage doctors recommend mild pain relievers such as naproxen sodium or Ibuprofen. 
  • Nowadays various medications are available in the market that allow the passage of kidney stones and help in eliminating them. Basically this medication relaxes the muscles. Thus the kidney stone can easily get out of the body without causing much pain. We call such medications as alpha-blockers and include Flomax and Jalyn.  

How to treat large kidney stones with severe symptoms

Although kidney stones can oil your body without causing long-term damage, when kidney stones become too large they can cause bleeding, ongoing urinary tract infections, and a lot of other painful symptoms like anxiety and loss of weight. 

At this stage, the patient deserves more extensive treatment procedures such as: 

Shock wave lithotripsy

It is basically a technique or procedure in which sound waves externally enter the kidneys. They break up the stones. This technique is shock wave lithotripsy or ESWL. It basically produces very high-intensity vibrations or shock waves that directly touch the stones and cause their breakage. This is a very small procedure and takes only about up to an hour to complete. Sometimes the person may experience moderate pain but it is overall a safe procedure. 

It is perfectly normal if the patient observes blood in the urine. This is due to the fact that the broken stone particles immediately try to pass to the urinary tract. The discomfort is due to those stone fragments. 

Surgical treatment

When the pain of the kidney stones increases to an unbearable extent, the procedure of percutaneous nephrolithotomy helps to treat the patient surgically. This technique involves the use of small telescopes instruments. They directly enter the body by creating a small incision in the back portion. As it may cause severe pain the general anesthesia helps the patient and requires more than two days for complete recovery. 

The doctors and surgeons recommend this technique if shockwave lithotripsy fails to remove the kidney stones properly. 

Treatment through ureteroscope 

It is a specific technique that the doctor uses when the stone sticks somewhere in the ureter or kidney and causes severe pain. The exact location may become difficult to detect and identify. At this stage, the doctor is using a thin light or unit for the scope which has a camera in front of it. This tube passes through the bladder and reaches the ureter where it attracts the exact location of the stone. 

After that, other techniques are used to break the stone into pieces and relieve the pain caused due to it. 

Diagnosis and Treatment of kidney stones based on different types of stones

Before advising the medication, the doctor will seriously go through your particular situation and provide you with a prescription depending on the kind of kidney stones you have.

Calcium stones

If a patient suffers from calcium stones phosphate-containing medications are given to control the amount of calcium in the kidneys and blood. 

Uric acid stones

The patients suffering from uric acid stones often get prescriptions in which they have to take allopurinol (Zyloprim, Aloprim). These medications reduce uric acid levels in the blood and urine. Moreover, they can also play their part in the dissolution of urine acid stones. 

Struvite stones

These stones are caused due to infection. To prevent stones due to bacterial infections, you may use antibiotics and drink a lot of fluids. If the infection is severe, the doctors may recommend surgery for treating these stones. 

Cystine stones

To enhance the solubility of cysteine in urine you will get suggestions related to increasing the intake of foods and reducing the diet containing salt and protein. Moreover, you will also be advised to take medications that can increase the solubility of cystine. 

So this was all about diagnosis and treatment of kidney stones. If you still have questions feel free to ask them in the comments section. 

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